Benjamin Franklin once wrote that “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure”. This is especially true in the world of tenant advocacy.

Tenants need to be proactive by ASKING QUESTIONS before signing a lease, such as:

  • Who is the landlord or agent?

  • How much is the rent?

  • When is the rent due?

  • To whom and where should the rent be paid?

  • Is a security deposit required?

  • To whom should problems and repairs be referred?

  • Will the lease be oral or in writing?

  • How long is the lease?

  • Who is responsible for utilities (electric, water, gas, etc.?)

  • What are the rules and regulations?

This is a vital part of the leasing process. Knowing the answers to these questions can prevent issues from arising, and the tenant should make sure that the answers given are included in any lease agreement.

Tenants also need to be proactive and INSPECT any potential rental property prior to making a lease agreement and prior to moving in to the property. Landlords of rental units are required to provide a working stove and refrigerator. Tenants should inspect to see that:

  • Kitchen appliances are in working order

  • Water pressure is strong, and plumbing is without leaks

  • Electrical outlets and wiring are working and in good condition

  • Walls and ceilings are painted or papered without cracks

  • Floors and railings are in good condition

  • Bathrooms are in working condition

  • Fire escape is easy to use

  • Smoke and carbon monoxide detectors are present and working

  • Stairs are safe and well-lit

  • Rodents or insects are not present

  • Ventilation, air conditioning, and heating system is in working order

  • Windows and doors are operable and weather-tight, and screens are provided.

Tenants should not rely on promises from a landlord to correct issues prior to moving in to the property. Ensure that any issues are corrected prior to signing a lease agreement. During the inspection note any damage to the property and, if possible, take pictures of the damage. If the tenant decides to rent the property, note the damage on the lease so that the tenant is not charged for the damage at move out.

An extremely important part of the leasing process is to READ THE ENTIRE LEASE if you have a written lease. In the age of Google, it is easy to download leases off the internet, but that does not mean that they are good leases. Both the tenant and the landlord should understand the terms in the lease prior to signing because the lease should outline the rights and responsibilities of each of the parties. Tenants can always contact the Berks County Bar Association, (610) 375-4591, which offers residential lease/rent-to-own lease reviews by attorneys for persons of limited means for a small fee. Tenants can also visit City Hall’s Property Maintenance Division to make sure that any potential property is in compliance with city ordinances and has proper rental permits. If the property is not in compliance or does not have proper permits, do not rent.

By advocating for oneself as a tenant and following Ben Franklin’s advice about prevention, a knowledgeable tenant can work to improve property conditions in the City of Reading and prevent landlord/tenant issues from occurring.

This service is for general legal information only and does not contain legal advice.  Using this site does not form an attorney/client relationship.  This information is provided as a public service, and you should not act or refrain from acting based upon anything you read on the MLP Monologue. While we strive to provide current and accurate information, all of the information provided by the MLP Monologue is provided “as is” without warranty of any kind, whether expressed or implied. If you are in need of legal advice, contact the Berks Bar Association (610-375-4591) or MidPenn Legal (610-376-8656).